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Understanding Fleas and Ticks: An Essential Guide for Pet Owners

11th July 2024

Understanding Fleas and Ticks: An Essential Guide for Pet OwnersAs a devoted pet owner, you undoubtedly want the best for your furry friends. Their health and happiness are paramount, which is why it's crucial to understand the common threats posed by fleas and ticks. These tiny pests can cause significant discomfort and serious health issues for your pets if not managed effectively. This guide will provide you with essential information and an action plan to keep your pets safe and healthy.

The Menace of Fleas

Fleas are tiny, wingless insects that thrive in warm environments. They can jump impressive distances, making it easy for them to move from one host to another. For pets, fleas can cause intense itching and discomfort. In severe cases, they can lead to allergic reactions, hair loss, and even anaemia, especially in young or small animals.

Signs of Flea Infestation:

  • Excessive scratching, biting, or licking
  • Red or inflamed skin
  • Presence of flea dirt (tiny black specks) on your pet’s skin or bedding
  • Hair loss, especially around the tail or neck

Preventive Measures:

  • Regular grooming and bathing
  • Using flea preventatives such as spot-on treatments, flea collars, or oral medications
  • Keeping your home clean, including washing pet bedding regularly and vacuuming carpets and upholstery

The Threat of Ticks

Ticks are parasitic arachnids that feed on the blood of mammals, birds, and sometimes reptiles and amphibians. They are often found in grassy and wooded areas and can attach to pets as they pass by. Ticks are particularly concerning because they can transmit diseases such as Lyme disease, ehrlichiosis, and babesiosis.

Signs of Tick Infestation:

  • Visible ticks on your pet’s skin, often around the head, neck, ears, and feet
  • Redness or swelling at the site of the bite
  • Unusual lethargy or weakness
  • Loss of appetite

Preventive Measures:

  • Regularly checking your pet for ticks, especially after outdoor activities
  • Using tick preventatives like spot-on treatments, tick collars, or oral medications
  • Keeping your yard clean by mowing the lawn and removing tall grasses and leaf litter

An Action Plan for Pet Owners

To ensure your pets remain flea and tick-free, it’s essential to adopt a proactive approach. Here’s a comprehensive action plan:

1. Regular Vet Visits

Routine check-ups with your vet at Broadway are crucial. We can recommend the best flea and tick preventatives tailored to your pet’s needs and monitor for any signs of infestations or related health issues.

2. Effective Preventatives

Discuss with us the most effective preventatives for your pet. Options include:

  • Topical Treatments: Applied directly to the skin, these can kill fleas and ticks on contact.
  • Oral Medications: These work systemically to protect your pet from the inside out.
  • Collars: These provide long-term protection, releasing chemicals that repel fleas and ticks.

3. Home and Garden Maintenance

Keeping your home and garden clean and tidy can reduce the risk of flea and tick infestations:

  • Vacuum Regularly: Focus on areas where your pet spends most of their time.
  • Wash Bedding: Clean your pet’s bedding frequently in hot water to kill any fleas or eggs.
  • Lawn Care: Keep your yard free of debris and mow the lawn regularly to deter ticks.

4. Grooming and Inspections

Regular grooming helps to spot fleas and ticks early. Use a fine-toothed flea comb to check for flea dirt and adult fleas. After outdoor activities, inspect your pet thoroughly, paying close attention to areas where ticks are likely to attach.

5. Prompt Action

If you find fleas or ticks on your pet, act quickly:

  • Remove Ticks Safely: Use tweezers or a tick removal tool to grasp the tick close to the skin and pull steadily. Do not twist or crush the tick.
  • Treat Fleas: Bathe your pet with a flea shampoo and use a flea comb to remove as many fleas as possible. Follow up with a flea treatment recommended by your vet at Broadway.

6. Monitor for Symptoms

Even with preventatives, it’s essential to monitor your pet for any signs of flea or tick-borne diseases. If you notice any changes in behaviour, appetite, or physical condition, consult us immediately.


Keeping your pets free from fleas and ticks requires vigilance and proactive care. By following this action plan and working closely with your vet, you can protect your beloved pets from these pesky parasites and ensure their health and happiness year-round. For more personalised advice or to discuss the best preventative options for your pet, don’t hesitate to contact us at Broadway. We're here to help!

Herne Bay Surgery 1 The Broadway Herne Bay CT6 8SR 01227 375978
Herne Surgery Unit 1 The Links Herne CT6 7FE 01227 367232
Opening Hours - Herne Bay
Monday to Friday
8.45am - 1.30pm
Opening Hours - Herne
Monday to Friday
8.45am - 6.00pm
9.00am - 12.00pm
In An Emergency

If your pet has a problem during surgery hours, please telephone the practice immediately 01227 367232 and we will ensure that you are offered an appointment on a priority basis.

Out of surgery hours our emergency services is provided by: VetsNow Herne Bay

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